Retaining walls are not just functional elements in landscaping; they are also artistic statements. When constructed with bricks, blocks or natural stone, they provide a timeless and robust solution for managing sloped terrains and enhancing aesthetic appeal. In this guide, we will explore the different types of stone retaining walls, ensuring you find the perfect match for your landscape’s needs.
Building dry stone walls involves a technique as ancient as it is durable: stacking stones without mortar, relying on arrangement and gravity to achieve stability. This method is celebrated for being environmentally friendly and cost-effective. The craftsmanship required for dry stone walling is significant, as the structure must be carefully engineered to withstand time and elements.
Armour stone walls are often used in landscaping and shoreline protection against erosion. These large, rugged stones are chosen for their size and strength, providing effective resistance against the pressures of water and weather. The installation of these walls can range from simple gravity retaining structures to more complex designs requiring engineering and backfill.
Constructed from precast concrete blocks, Segmental Retaining Walls (SRWs) are engineered to lock together without the need for mortar, allowing for flexibility and strength. SRWs are designed to accommodate changes in geography and can be used for a wide range of applications, from garden walls to large-scale soil retention projects.
Concrete Masonry Walls (CMU) are built using concrete blocks that can be left exposed or faced with veneer for aesthetic purposes. CMUs are praised for their fire resistance, thermal efficiency, and sound-blocking capabilities, making them ideal for both structural and decorative uses.
This method involves pouring concrete into pre-designed forms, creating a seamless and sturdy barrier ideal for foundations, retaining walls, and structural supports. Poured concrete offers superior water resistance and strength, making it an excellent choice for below-grade applications.
Gabion walls are constructed with wire mesh containers filled with stones. This design is flexible and permeable, making it ideal for water run-off. They are used for applications like slope stabilization, riverbank protection, and flood control.
At Grand River Natural Stone, we understand the importance of choosing the right type of retaining wall for your landscape, and our experts are here to guide you through the selection process. Visit us to explore our wide range of stone and concrete options, tailored to meet the unique needs of your outdoor space.